LOMAN AND HANFORD. Alaska Souvenir Photograph Album; ca. 1910-1920. .25 cu. ft.
This collection consists of a souvenir album containing lithographed images of Alaska and Alaska related scenes as well as postcards and prints that were glued to the reverse sides of the pages. Subjects of the lithographed images include the Inside Passage, glaciers, Treadwell and Kennicott mines, Chilkoot Pass, railroads, Whitehorse, Skagway, Sitka, Wrangell, Dawson, Fairbanks, Nome, Valdez, Cordova, Sitka, the Copper and Yukon Rivers, Eskimos, fishing, mining, and wildlife. The album was probably produced by the photography studio of Lomen and Hanford for sale to tourists. In addition to the lithographs, a previous owner of the album added 86 additional postcards and prints. Subjects of those cards and prints include Port Moller, scenery and wildlife, fishing, mining, ships, and several images of Montana. The collection contains a total of 26 black & white lithographs, plus 86 (black and white, and color-tinted) prints and postcards on the reverse sides of the first 22 pages of the album.
This collection was acquired by the archives in November 2000.
Cover: Mt. McKinley, 20,300 Feet. Copyright 1910 by M. Lavoy.
The Inside Passage, a series of fjords, inlets and channels, of sounds and gulfs, protected from the rollers of the Pacific by an almost continuous island archipelago and winding its way through forest and snow covered walls rising in places to many thousand feet, stretches from Puget Sound a thousand miles to Skagway.
1a. The Inside Passage.
1b. Prince Rupert, B. C., the terminus of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway.
1c. Metlakatla, the Indian town, A missionary station founded by Father William Duncan.
1d. Ketchikan, the most southerly portion in Alaska, 743 miles from Seattle and 1138 miles from Skagway.
The mean temperature of Southeastern Alaska varies from 50° to 55° Fahrenheit, the mean winter temperature from 20° to 30°. The highest recorded summer temperature for this region is 92°, the lowest winter temperature 4°. (minus four degrees)
2a. Wrangell, 844 miles from Seattle.
2b. Petersburg, a thriving fishing center.
2c. Sitka, 1238 miles northwest of Seattle on Baranoff Island.
2d. The Greek Church at Sitka.
Alaska is a land of immensities. Its glaciers are monsters, with towering fronts miles wide, its stupendous mountain masses sweep from ocean level to the very ceiling of the sky.
3a. Davidson Glacier at the entrance to Chilkat Inlet on Lynn Canal.
3b. Taku Glacier on Taku Inlet. This glacier has a sea face one half mile long and from 100 to 200 feet high.
3c. Muir Glacier on Glacier Bay, area 350 square miles, about 3 miles wide at its sea frontage.
The population of Alaska according to the census of 1910 was 66,326, about one inhabitant to ten square miles of territory. Norway, Sweden and Finland combined support a population of 10,844,839 on a territory of 145,000 square miles smaller and possessing far fewer resources, natural advantages and opportunities.
4a. Treadwell City. The Treadwell Mines operate 900 stamps with a crushing capacity of 4500 tons daily.
4b. Juneau, the Capital of Alaska. Juneau, Douglas, Treadwell and Thane, all in a radius of 5 miles, have a combined population of about 9000.
4c. Haines is located on the west side of Chilkoot Inlet.
Lynn Canal is a fjord extending north sixty miles from near Juneau to Skagway. It is flanked with snow mountains rising in places to a height of 6,000 feet.
5. Lynn Canal and Skagway from Mt. Dewey.
During the Klondike rush, the Skagway trail over Chilkoot Pass was used by an army of gold-seekers. The followed one another in endless procession, a stream of black ants, crawling up the icy slopes between monster mountains whose lofty summits were lost in the clouds.
6. Packers ascending the summit of Chilkoot Pass during the gold rush of 1898.
There are 484 ½ miles of railroad in Alaska of which 346 are in operation. This in a country which has added to our wealth the sum of $5,000,000,000. It is only recently that the crying need for transportation facilities has been finally recognized by the U.S. government. In March, 1914, a bill appropriating $35,000,000 for railroad development became a law.
7. Inspiration Point on the White Pass and Yukon Railway.
The rocky banks form a narrow channel of rock through which the river rages. Above the rapids in Klondike days, the gold seeker made his choice between two routes the two-minute trail by water or the two-week trail by land.
8a. White Horse Rapids.
8b. Miles Canyon, five-eights of a mile long. The water drops 32 feet in this distance, running at the rate of 15 miles an hour. The walls of the canyon rise perpendicularly from the water to a height of 200 feet.
The scenery of Alaska is wild, rugged, awesome. The stupendous mountain masses along the coast, the far-reaching plains of the interior, the great rivers and glaciers, the canyons and rapids, the snow fields and valleys, all impress the observer with their immensity, the ruthlessness, their strength.
9a. White Horse, 111 Miles from Skagway, the inland terminus of the White Pass and Yukon Railway.
9b. Five Finger Rapids. Four rocks protrude from the stream to a height of about 40 feet, dividing it into five channels, hence the name.
The discovery of gold on the Klondike brought 60,000 people into Dawson. The lawless of the mining camp has however given way to the quiet and order of the modern city.
10. The aurora Borealis as seen at Dawson, the capital of the Yukon Territory.
11. The midnight sun at Dawson.
A popular delusion pictures Alaska as an Ice Box fitted only for polar bears and Eskimos. It is only in the region tributary to the Arctic Ocean that can be so characterized. Fairbanks, 64° 35 N. Lat. has a mean summer temperature of 56°, a mean winter temperature of -12°. (minus twelve degrees).
12a. Dogs coming down to meet the boats on the Yukon.
12b. The Tanana River at Fairbanks. Fairbanks is approximately 441 miles from Cordova by rail and road, 1180 miles from St. Michaels by river, 1540 miles from Skagway by way of Dawson and the Yukon.
12c. The Yukon River. River steamers ascend the Yukon for 2060 miles to White Horse.
12d. The breaking up of the ice in the Yukon River at Forty Mile.
One day, just a bit of the dreary stretch of sand and tundra bordering Bering Sea, the next a vigorous mining town sheltering many thousands. Such was Nome. Today it has a population of 2,500, banks, churches, schools, and many fine buildings.
13a. The first boat in the spring on the edge of the ice five miles off Nome.
13b. Nome. For five months in the year Nome can be reached by steamship. Its distance from Seattle is about 2372 miles.
The coal fields of Alaska cover 12,667 square miles. An estimate by the Geological Survey places these resources at 15,000,000,000 tons. The Bering and Matanuska fields, two of the best known, possess a very high grade of anthracite.
14a. Sunset at Dutch Harbor, Unalaska Island.
14b. Valdez, on Valdez Inlet.
14c. Seward, on Resurrection Bay. The coast terminus of the government railroad, now under construction to Fairbanks with a branch line to the Matanuska coal fields.
14d. Cordova on Orcas Sound (1404 miles from Seattle by the outside route), the ocean terminus of the Copper River and Northwestern Railway. Kennicott, 196 miles from Cordova, is the inland terminus.
Childs Glacier on the Copper River. The face of the glacier is more then 300 feet high and three miles long.
15. Childs Glacier on the Copper River. The face of the glacier is more then 300 feet high and three miles long.
Building the Copper River and Northwest Railroad is a tale of determination and daring almost beyond conception. The bridge near Miles Glacier represents the overcoming of a thousand obstacles.
16a. October morning on the Copper River.
16b. Miles Glacier and the famous bridge over the Copper River built by M. J. Heney.
The Eskimo overdress is called a parkie. It is made of reindeer skin with the hair outside and is light but very warm. To the back of the parkie is attached the hood bordered with wolverine fur. The shoes or rather boots are also made of reindeer skin and called mukluks.
17a. Eskimo man in native costume.
17b. Eskimo igloo.
17c. Eskimo woman in native costume.
Eighty-one public schools are maintained in Alaska for the natives. The government force to maintain these is composed of five district superintendents and 102 teachers.
18a. Eskimo skin boat or omiak.
18b. In pursuit of the walrus.
18c. Eskimo and his kyak.
The census of 1910 shows that there were 2260 acres of improved lands in Alaska. Hay, potatoes, oats, barley and rye can be successfully raised in many parts of the territory.
19a. A field of strawberries at Sitka.
19b. Alaska melons hot house growth.
19c. A field of rhubarb at Skagway.
19d. Spring wheat, Fairbanks.
In 1912, 4,060,189 cases of salmon were packed, valued at $15,551,794. $22,671,387 is invested in the fishing industry. 17,932 people are employed.
20a. The salmon industry in Alaska. Raising the traps.
20b. Emptying the trap into a scow.
20c. 18000 salmon.
20d. Drying salmon.
Total production of gold in Alaska has been over $213,000,000.
21a. Gold dredges used in mining low grade gravels.
21b. Thawing the ground by the use of steam points.
21c. Hydraulic mining.
21d. Hydraulic lift.
21e. Drilling in the Treadwell mine.
Alaska is rich in minerals. The total production of copper has exceeded $12,000,000, tin ores to the amount of $90,831 were exported in 1912. Iron, silver, mercury, lead, antimony and platinum are abundant at several points.
22a. The primitive method of mining gold panning.
22b. A long tom in operation.
22c. Placer mining, shoveling in by hand.
22d. The Bonanza Mine (copper) at Kennicott.
Moose, caribou, mountain sheep and goat, deer and brown, black, polar and grizzly bear are widely distributed over Alaska.
23a. Lassoed Polar Bear, Behring Sea.
23b. Moose near Seward.
23c. Black bear, Kenai Peninsula.
Cheechako is a word used to designate the Alaskan tenderfoot. He who winters in the country and sees the ice go out in the Yukon in the spring, becomes a sour dough. Many a prominent westerner bear the latter title gained during the early days with considerable pride.
23a. An Alaska dog team.
23b. A packer on the trail, Alaska.
23c. Prospector camping on the trail.
Totem poles are the genealogical trees of the Alaskan Indians. The carved figures are heraldic devices telling the history of the family before whose door the totem is erected.
There are now approximately 38,000 reindeer in Alaska. Of these 60% are owned by the natives. At present but 123,000 seals are left of the four or five millions which made these islands their summer rendezvous.
26a. A herd of reindeer.
26b. Seals on the Pribilof Islands.
Other photos and postcards (87 prints and postcards):
Page 1 (reverse):
1a. Fish, Port Moller, Alaska.
1b. Unidentified boat.
1c. Port Moller Piledriver.
1d. Port Moller Piledriver (same as c.)
Page 2 (reverse):
2a. Landing from steamer on ice edge off Nome, Alaska.
2b. 5623. Winter Trail over Thomson Pass, Alaska.
2c. 1992 Waterwheel, Ketchikan Creek, Alaska copyright 1905 by Case & Draper.
2d. John J. Swenson Co.s Cableway in operation unloading grain at Nome, Alaska.
Page 3 (reverse):
3a. Caribou at Port Moller.
3b. Best Dog team on Alaska Peninsula Port Moller.
3c. Wounded caribou.
3d. Caribou and dog.
Page 4 (reverse):
4a. Caribou calf Port Moller.
4b. Red Fox Port Moller Alaska.
4d. Red Fox in Trap.
Page 5 (reverse):
5a. 1 wolverine 2 red fox.
5b. Deer in Bear River. January 17 1919.
5c. Siberia Coast.
5d. Dog team and sled.
Page 6 (reverse):
6a. Caribou Bear River, Alaska.
6b. Unidentified mountain.
6c. Revenue Cutter Service In Bering Sea, Photo From Deck of Mail Steamer, Dora. Copyright, 1911. By Thwaites, J. E. 590.
6d. Ikatan, April 13/18.
Page 7 (reverse):
7a. M & M. We shipped a few seas like this. Vessel in deep wave trough.
7b. Port Moller Dock, Alaska.
7c. The bark Oriental.
7d. Salmon trap.
Page 8 (reverse):
8b. Cannery ships. Bristol Bay, Alaska. Thwaites, 315.
8c. Ladies Swimming Contest at Hoonah Cannery Alaska July 4th, 1919.
8d. Native Residence, Barabara, Nushagak, Alaska. Photograph taken by J E Thwaites.
Page 9 (reverse):
9a. Maiden voyage. Steamship Catherine D.
9c. Salmon Cannery at Hoonah Alaska 1919.
9d. Unidentified seascape.
Page 10 (reverse):
10a. 992 S.S. Dode wrecked at Narrowstone Point.
10b. Shot wrecking Target. Perkes Studio Port Townsend Wash No 142.
10c. Ketchikan Alaska 208.
10d. Unidentified seascape, same as page 9 (reverse) photograph d.
Page 11 (reverse):
11a. Getting pie under difficulties #1045 L. D. Linsley Foto Lake Chelan
11b. Unidentified mountain, same as page 6 (reverse) photograph b.
11c. 5616. Steel Bridge, Copper River, Alaksa. Showing Childs Glacier.
11d. Steamer Farallon from the Westward, Juneau, Alaska. 357 copyright W. H. Case.
Page 12 (reverse):
12a. Whitefish Lake Whitefish Mont. Welch Photo.
12b. Fortine Mont.
12c. 60000 sockeye salmon at Carlisle Cannery.
12d. Glacier National Park.
Page 13 (reverse):
13a. Piledrivers in harbor.
13b. Steamer Loading Copper Ore at LaTouche, Alaska. J. E. Thwaites 2009A.
13c. Glenesslin on the rocks off Neah-Kah-Nie Mt. Oct 1st 1913 663.
13d. Dock South Bellingham.
Page 14 (reverse):
14a. The Battleship Oregon in the New Dry Dock at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington. Photo by F. H. Nowell.
14b. Battleships at Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton Wash.
14c. Canal Locks second to Panama.
14d. 11767. Shooting White Horse Rapids, Yukon Territory.
Page 15 (reverse):
15a. 4622. Profile Rock, La Jolla, San Diego, California.
15b. Ground Sluicing at Lake View Mines, Penny River, Alaska.
15c. Unidentified man on porch. (see also page 22 reverse).
15d. Sausalito, California.
15e. Treadwell Mine: 1500 Foot Level Ready Bullion 117-T.
Page 16 (reverse):
16a. 25. Princess May wrecked on Sentinel Island Alaska. August 5th 1910. Winter-Pond Co.
16b. Hoonah Alaska.
16c. Port Moller Alaska May 1918.
16d. Tug-of-war game.
Page 17 (reverse):
17a. H P C Cannery, Hoonah, Alaska. Blankenberg Photo.
17b. Unidentified construction.
17c. Port Moller Bay May 1918.
17d. Port Moller Alaska.
Page 18 (reverse):
18a. Fish scow at Port Moller Alaska.
18b. Steamship at dock.
18c. Dock South Bellingham 1919.
18d. A few fish.
Page 19 (reverse):
19a. Photograph of 23 separate photographs of shipwrecks.
19b. U.S.S. Bear.
19c. Spokane ashore on Idol Pt.
19d. The First Authentic Picture of Mount McKinley, Alaska. 20,300 ft. high. Taken by M. Lavoy, a member of the Parker Browne Expedition of 1910 from Explorers Peak, 9,000 feet high. Copyright 1910, by M. La Voy.
19e. 5613. Skagway, Alaska. Copyright W P Co.
Page 20 (reverse):
20a. Bear River Alaska.
20b. Port Moller Alaska 11 P. M.
20c. The Red Cross Convalescent Home, Base Hospital, Camp Meade, Md.
20d. Street Scene, Franklin Cantonment, Camp Meade, Md.
Page 21 (reverse):
21a. Unidentified man.
21b. Y. M. C. A. Auditorium, Camp Meade, Md.
21c. 5619. Seal Rocks, Near Seward, Alaska.
Page 22 (reverse):
22. Whitefish Mont. Unidentified man standing on porch.
Loose: Eddystone Rock near Ketchikan, Alaska.