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FRANCIS AND GRACE COGSWELL. Photograph Album and Papers; 1920-1957. .65 cu. ft.

Francis Cogswell was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1887. He was appointed to the U. S. Naval Academy in 1903. Captain Cogswell was awarded the Navy Cross for service during World War I, when he commanded the U.S.S. Fanning and U.S.S. McDougal. In 1935, he commanded the U.S.S. Oglala, the flag ship of a flotilla of minesweepers assisting the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey in charting the Aleutian Islands. The flotilla included the Kingfisher, Quail, Gannet, Tanager and Sandpiper, and an aviation attachment. Captain Francis Cogswell died at Bremerton, Washington, in 1939. In 1943, a U.S. Navy destroyer was named after Cogswell and his father, Rear Admiral James Kelsey Cogswell. Francis Cogswell's wife, Grace Phillips Cogswell, was born in New York City in 1887. She served in the U.S. Foreign Service and later in the Central Intelligence Agency. Grace Cogswell retired in 1954.

The collection consists of the photograph album of Captain Francis Cogswell, documenting his service during the Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition of 1935, and various related papers kept by his wife, Grace Cogswell. The collection contains: a xerographic copy of the photograph album; the original 75-page album containing 235 black and white prints; 151 copy negatives of selected images; copied papers concerning Francis and Grace Cogswell; and various original letters and other documents from 1935 and 1936. Subjects of the photographs include: Francis Cogswell and other U.S. Navy officers, crew, and survey personnel; the minesweepers Oglala, Kingfisher, Quail and Gannet; navy seaplanes and sounding boats used in the survey; the islands of Unalaska, Kiska, Little Kiska, Amchitka, Atka, Uminak and Bogoslof, including the towns of Unalaska, Dutch Harbor, and Constantine on Amchitka; volcanoes; glaciers; and wildlife. The copied papers include: Captain Cogswell's Navy Cross Citation (1920); a letter of appreciation to Grace Cogswell from U.S. Ambassador William C. Bullitt (1938); two letters and a press release concerning the naming of the U.S.S. Cogswell (1942-1943); a letter of congratulations from CIA Director Allen W. Dulles to Grace Cogwell upon her retirement; and two letters concerning Grace's grave plot in Arlington National Cemetery (1957). The original papers include: two rosters of officers for the expedition; personal letters to Grace Cogswell from her husband and various friends; letters and messages concerning Grace Cogswell's travel to and within Alaska; a letter to Captain Cogswell from Lt. R. A. J. English of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition II concerning the abandonment of the camp "Little America"; a memorandum of appreciation to the captain of the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Calypso from C. R. Brown, commanding officer of the Aviation Detachment of the survey expedition; a memorandum to Captain Cogswell from Lt. Commander Thomas Robbins of the U.S.S. Sandpiper concerning whale observations; copies of three U.S. Coast Guard dispatches; copies of five different ship newspapers; an Alaska Commercial Company bill; and a few notes, envelopes, and cards.

The collection was acquired by the archives in 2005.

HMC-0744
JAS (4/2004)

Photograph List:

Page 1:
1. Seal and pup on beach.

Page 2:
2. "Mt. Shishaldin, Unimak Island, Isanotski Peaks in background" Aerial view with airplane wing at lower left (8 X 10 inch).

Page 3:
3. "N. E. end of Little Kiska." Aerial view, Photo No. 3 (7.25 X 9.25 inch).

Page 4:
4. "Bogoslof" Aerial view of seal herd on island beach (8 X 10 inch).

Page 5:
5. "Seal herd, Bogoslof Island" Distant aerial view (8 X 10 inch).

Page 6:
6. Aerial view of small rocky island with airplane wing at left (8 X 10 inch).

Page 7:
7. "'Dutch Harbor'" Distant aerial view from south including Amaknak Island, Iliuliuk Bay, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska (7.75 X 9.75 inch).

Page 8:
8. "Isanotski Peaks, Uminak Island" Aerial view with airplane wing at bottom right (8 X 10 inch).

Page 9:
9. "Iliuliuk" Aerial view of Unalaska village from west with airplane wing at right (8 X 10 inch).

Page 10:
10. "Greek Church, Iliuliuk" Interior view of altar of Holy Ascension Russian Orthodox Church in Unalaska (8 X 10 inch).

Page 11:
11. "Akutan Volcano, Akutan Island" Aerial view of island and volcano cone (8 X 10 inch).

Page 12:
12. "Alisex, 1933, 1934, 1935" Group photo of eight U.S. Navy officers in dress white uniforms on deck of ship. Commander Cogswell seated second from right (8 X 10).

Page 13:
13. "S. E. coast of Kiska" Aerial view of island coastline, Photo No. 13 (7.25 X 9.25 inch).

Page 14:
14. "North shore Little Kiska" Aerial view of island coastline, Photo No. 2 (7.25 x 9.25 inch).

Page 15:
15. "'Cha' west end Little Kiska - South Pass" Aerial view, Photo No. 9 (7.25 X 9.25 inch).

Page 16:
16. "Pillar Rock" Aerial view with airplane wing at right, Photo No. 61 (7.25 X 9.25 inch).

Page 17:
17. "Man S. E. shore Kiska" Aerial view over survey point on top of bluff, Photo No. 14 (7.25 X 9.25 inch).

Page 18:
18. Oglala with Kingfisher, Kiska 1935" Distant aerial starboard view of minesweeper USS Oglala with smaller minesweeper USS Kingfisher (No. 25) alongside (8 X 10 inch).

Page 19:
19. "Quail, Kiska 1935" Distant aerial portside view of minesweeper USS Quail (No. 15) with airplane wing at left (8 X 10 inch).

Page 20:
20. "'Ole' S.E. Kiska" Aerial view of island with survey point circled, Photo No. 12 (7.25 X 9.25 inch).

Page 21:
21. "Eel west coast Kiska I." Aerial view of island coastline, Photo No. 58 (7.25 X 9.25 inch).

Page 22:
22. "'Zoo' west coast Kiska" Aerial view of island coastline, Photo No. 50 (7.25 X 9.25 inch).

Page 23:
23. Aerial view of islands (6 X 7 inch).

Page 24 (4 prints, 3.5 X 4.5 inch):
24a. "Kiska Harbor" Distant view from ship.
24b. Scene on ship's deck with sailors and fish laid out to spell "Alisex."
24c. "One of the sounding boats" Men on sounding boat 6 from the USS Oglala.
24d. Men on sounding boat 3 from the USS Oglala.

Page 25:
25a. "Kiska 1935" View of two sounding boats following a third boat (3.25 X 5.25 inch).
25b. "Niles & KP, Kiska 1935" View of sounding boat next to ship (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
25c. "Kiska 1935" View of two sounding boats with volcano in background (3.25 X 5.25 inch).
25d. Sea lions on island (2.5 X 3.5 inch).

Page 26 (4 prints):
26a. "Sea lions, Sea Lion Rock near Kiska 1935" (3.25 X 5.25 inch).
26b. "Fox, Amchitka 1935" Fox on rocky outcropping (3.25 X 5.25 inch).
26c. Sea lion, Sea Lion Rock near Kiska 1935"(3.25 X 5.25 inch).
26d. Distant view of island from ship (2.5 X 3.5 inch).

Page 27 (4 prints):
27a. Aerial view of small rocky island (4 X 5 inch).
27b. "Painting signals for sounding boats to ___ on Kiska 1935" Men painting rock cliff on island (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
27c. "Kiska 1935 May" View of minesweeper off island coastline (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
27d. "Williwaw, Kiska 1935" Puppy (2.5 X 3.5 inch).

Page 28 (4 prints):
28a. "Eagles Amchitka 1935 last two" Close-up of two juvenile bald eagles (3.5 X 5.75 inch).
28b. Group photo of Commander Cogswell with another officer and native man and children on island (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
28c. Beach scene (3.5 X 5.75 inch).
28d. Foggy island scene from ship (2.5 X 3.5 inch).

Page 29:
29a. "Kiska 1935" Sounding boat No. 2 and dingy (3.25 X 5.25 inch).
29b. "Oglala at Kiska 1935" Distant view of ship from sounding boat (3.25 X 5.25 inch).
29c. "Kiska 1935" Sounding boat No. 6 from Oglala (3.5 X 5.75 inch).
29d. Full rear portside view of USS Oglala (2.5 X 3.5 inch).

Page 30:
30a. "Eaglet, Kiska 1935" Small eaglet in nest (3.25 X 5.25 inch).
30b. Distant view of Navy survey seaplane taking off (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
30c. "Sea Lion Rock, Kiska 1935" View from sounding boat (3.5 X 5.25 inch).
30d. "Kiska 1935" Men putting up survey point and flag on island (3.5 X 4.5 inch).

Page 31:
31a. "Kiska 1935" View of sounding boat and dingy from ship (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
31b. View of USS Oglala and USS Kingfisher near island (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
31c. "Segula 1935" Distant view of Segula Island (3.25 X 5.25 inch).
31d. "Kiska Volcano from Oglala, Kiska Harbor" (3.25 X 4.5 inch).

Page 32 (4 prints):
32a & b. Fox among trash lumber and grass (4 X 5 inch).
32c. "Constantine, Amchitka 1935. Fox on steps of Greek Church" (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
32d. Full portside view of the USS Oglala (2.5 X 3.5 inch).

Page 33 (4 prints, 3.5 X 4.5 inch):
33a & b. "Lost for 21 hours" Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 2 listing in the water.
33c. "A plane on the Oglala" Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 being hoisted over the side of the ship.
33d. "Main deck of the Oglala, May 1935" Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 stored on ship's deck.

Page 34:
34a. "Kiska 1935" View of sounding boat Nos. 6 and four from ship (3.5 X 5.75 inch).
34b. Group photo of Commander Cogswell with puppy Willawaw and two other ship's officers (2.5 X 3.5 inch).
34c. Small native boy on island beach (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
34d. Commander Cogswell and another officer standing next to seal cask on rack (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
34e. Portrait of puppy Willawaw (3.5 X 4.5 inch).

Page 35:
35a. Aerial view of island coast and USS Quail (4 X 5 inch).
35b. "Full plane crew" Group photo of three men on ship's deck (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
35c. Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 taking off near island (4 X 5 inch).
35d. "Dutch Harbor, June 1935" Full starboard view of USS Oglala (3.5 X 4.5 inch).

Page 36:
36a. Survey point with tented tripod on island (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
36b. Two men in with dog on ship's deck (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
36c. "Sinking boat, Kiska 1935" (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
36d. "Kiska Harbor - Plane of Oglala" Distant view of survey seaplane landing near island (3.25 X 4.5 inch).
36e. "Kiska Volcano 1935" Distant view out porthole window (3.5 X 4.5 inch).

Page 37 (6 prints, 2.5 X 3.5 inch):
37a-d. "Korovin Vol. Atka 1935" Four different views of Korovin Volcano on Atka Island from ship.
37e &f. "Kagalaska Pass 1935" Two different views of island pass.

Page 38:
38a. Scene on ship's deck showing davit (2.5 X 3.5 inch).
38b. Interior scene in Russian Orthodox Church (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
38c. Full front portside view of USS Oglala at large port with other ships (4 X 6 inch).
38d. Full rear portside view of USS Oglala at same port as above (4 X 6 inch).

Page 39:
39a. "Kiska" Aerial view of mountain (4.75 X 6.75 inch).
39b. "Attu Maggie" Two Aleut women with small grass baskets, basket form, and baskets in various stages of weaving (3 X 4 inch).
39c. Fox on island (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
39d. Aerial view of volcano with airplane wing at upper left (4.75 X 6.75 inch).

Page 40:
40a. "Seaward, Turner" Two officers and unidentified man in work clothes on deck of the Oglala (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
40b. Distant aerial view of volcano (4.75 X 6.75 inch).
40c. Aerial view of volcano with wing tip at upper left (4.75 X 6.75 inch).
40d. Sailor attaching something to davit on ship (2.75 X 4.5 inch).

Page 41:
41a. Distant view of Volcano from ship (4.75 X 6.75 inch).
41b. "Sell, Amchitka, on whale skeleton" Lt. Sell standing on top of whalebones on island (2.75 x 4.5 inch).
41c. View of salmon on top of sounding boat deck(2.75 X 4.5 inch).
41d. Distant view of boat from ship (4.75 X 6.75 inch).

Page 42:
42a. Distant Aerial view of island volcano (4.75 X 6.75 inch).
42b. "Newton" Ensign Newton standing on top of whalebones on island (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
42c. "Deserted church at Constantine" Interior view of alter in Russian Orthodox Church on Amchitka Island (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
42d. Aerial view of island volcano with airplane wing at upper left.

Page 43:
43a. Aerial view of island coast (4.75 X 6.75 inch).
43b. "Barabara" Entrance to old barabara (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
43c. Interior view of man sitting up in bed inside house (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
43d. Aerial view of volcanic peak with airplane wing at right (4.75 x 6.75 inch).

Page 44:
44a. Aerial view of volcano with airplane wing at right (4.75 X 6.75 inch).
44b. Aerial view of volcano and island shoreline (4.75 X 6.75 inch).
44c. "Kiska" Man holding onto life preserver while sitting on capsized boat (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
44d. "Deserted shacks, Constantine" Beach scene looking toward Constantine village on Amchitka Island (2.75 X 4.5 inch).

Page 45:
45. "Iliuliuk Bay" Aerial view of Iliuliuk Bay and Unalaska from southwest with airplane wing at lower right (6 X 7 inch).

Page 46 (4 prints, 4 X 5 inch):
46a. "Pedler's Basin in Amoknik, 20 minutes later" View of west end of Unalaska including dock area from hillside.
46b. "Landed Dutch Harbor in Lakina, May 22" Aerial view of Navy ships at dock.
46c & d. "Iliuliuk on Unalaska Island" Two different views of Unalaska from hillside.

Page 47:
47. "Mt. Vsevidof, Umnak Island" Distant view of volcano from ocean (6 X 7 inch).

Page 48:
48a. "Planes - Ballyhoo Mt." Distant view of four Navy seaplanes in Iliuliuk Bay with Mount Ballyhoo in background (3.5 X 5.75 inch).
48b. Portrait of native girl (4 X 5 inch).
48c. "Unalaska and Dutch Harbor" Post card view taken from hill south of Unalaska (3.5 X 5.5 inch).
48d. "Oglala leaving for Kiska" Distant view of ship in Iliuliuk Bay taken from hill south of Unalaska with church at bottom right (2.5 X 4.25 inch).

Page 49:
49. Aerial view of volcano (6 X 7 inch).

Page 50:
50a. "Gannet, 'Dell' Conley's flagship" Full aerial starboard view of the minesweeper USS Gannet (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
50b. "Quail also plane tending" Full portside view of the minesweeper USS Quail (4 X 5 inch).
50c. "Dell's plane" Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 hanging from davit over side of ship (3.5 X 4.5 inch).
50d. "Aleutian Island Survey Expedition I" Aleutian Islands Survey Expedition Navy seaplane No. 1 sitting in water off island (4 X 5 inch).

Page 51:
51. "Shishaldin, white vapor always puffing from cone" Aerial view of Shishaldin Volcano and Isanotski Peaks on Unimak Island (6 X 7 inch).

Page 52 (4 prints, 4 X 5 inch):
52a. "Bounty on Eagles" Man holding up dead bald eagle from behind white sail.
52b. "Herring" View of two fishermen in boat full of fish at dock.
52c. "Leading Industries" Two foxes in fenced pen at fur farm.
52d. "Leading Industries" Pat's Cafe in Unalaska with Russian Orthodox Church and Cash and Carry Store in background.

Page 53 (4 prints, 4 X 5 inch):
"We 'cover the waterfront.'" Waterfront scenes in Unalaska:
53a. Group photo of three native girls in their Sunday dresses.
53b. Man opening small wooden barrels.
53c. Large squid.
53d. Two native boys.

Page 54:
54a. "Reef in front of A.C. house" (2.5 X 3.5 inch).
54b & c. "'Our harbor" Scenes of bay from ship (2.5 X 3.5 inch).
54d. "'John the Whaler' comes visiting" Whaling boat Unimak in harbor (4 X 5 inch).
54e. "From Akutan - Ernest Kugler" Close-up of whale gun on boat (4 X 5 inch).

Page 55 (4 prints, 4 X 5 inch):
Scenes at Unalaska:
55a. Portrait of native boy.
55b. Hospital.
55c. U.S. Marshall's house.
55d. Portrait of three native girls in their Sunday dresses.

Page 56:
Scenes at Unalaska:
56a. Full view of Russian Orthodox Church from southeast (4 X 5 inch).
56b. View of Russian Orthodox Church from northwest (4 X 5 inch).
56c. Group portrait of six native children (4 X 5 inch).
56d. "Dutch Harbor" Distant aerial view of Unalaska from southeast (3.5 X 4.5 inch).

Page 57:
57a-e. Navy officers, men and women on outing around island, various scenes (2-2.5 X 3.5 inch, 3-2.75 X 4.5 inch).

Page 58:
58a-f. Navy officers, men and women on outing around island, various scenes (2-2.5 X 3.5 inch, 4-2.75 X 4.5 inch).

Page 59:
59a-h. Navy officers, men and women on outing around island, various scenes (7-2.5 X 3.5 inch, 1-2.75 X 4.5 inch).

Page 60:
60a. Man in R.C.M.P. hat and sweater (2.5 X 4.5 inch).
60b & c. Portraits of three Navy officers and Nurse "Smitty" on front steps of hospital (2.5 X 4.25 inch).
60d. Native man and woman in traditional parkas (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
60e. Group photo of Navy officer, men and women sitting on island hillside.
60f. View of coastal town from above (2.5 X 3.5 inch).

Page 61 (3 prints, 3.5 X 5.5 inch):
61a. Man with pack standing among burned trees in Katmai area.
61b. Man with pack standing on ice at foot of glacier.
61c. Aerial view of large glacier.

Page 62:
62a. "Katmai" Three men standing on glacier (3.5 X 5.5 inch).
62b. Geologist Ed Levin with pack standing among burned trees in Katmai area (3.5 X 5.5 inch).
62c. View of left end of calving glacier (3.5 X 4.75 inch).
62d. View of calving glacier and mountains from bay (3.5 X 5.5 inch).

Page 63:
63a. Group photo of well-dressed men and women on dock of coastal town (3.5 X 5.75 inch).
63b. Group photo of Navy officer, two men and two women in front of large log house (3.5 X 5.75 inch).
63d-f. Scenery (2-2.5 X 3.5 inch, 1-1.5 X 2 inch).

Page 64:
64a. Front view of Holy Resurrection Russian Orthodox Church in Kodiak (2.5 X 3.5 inch).
64b-d. Island scenery (2.5 X 3.5 inch).
64e. Aerial view of volcano (4 X 5 inch).
64f. More distant aerial view of volcano (4 X 5 inch).

Page 65:
65a. "Ed" Aerial view of large coastal glacier (3.5 X 5.5 inch).
65b. Full portside view of Navy minesweeper (No. 41) with survey seaplane on rear deck (4 X 5 inch).
65c. Large stringer of fish hanging from rope on ship's deck (4 X 5 inch).

Page 66:
66. Full portside view of minesweeper USS Quail in bay (8 X 10 inch).

Page 67:
67a. "Ed Levin - Father Hubbard's geologist" Portrait of bearded man wearing bandanna (3.5 X 5.5 inch).
67b. "Kiska" Navy officers on rocky coastline (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
67c. "Eagles" Three men displaying two dead eagles (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
67d. "Kiska" Two men at sea on launch boat (2.75 X 4.5 inch).
67e. Lt. Sell cleaning pan in stream (2.75 X 4.5 inch).

Page 68:
68. Aerial view of Unalaska from east with airplane wing at right (8 X 10 inch).

Page 69 (6 prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):
69a. "Towed by Sandpiper to Rat Island" Oglala sounding boat No. 11 being towed by ship.
69b. "Constantine after storm" Oglala sounding boat Nos. 8 and 3 beached in surf.
69c. "Constantine Harbor, Amchitka" Men moving Oglala boat onto beach. Launch boat No. 3 in background.
69d. "Cove Little Kiska" Three men and small rowboat on beach.
69e. "Kiska South End" View of rocky island.
69f. "Semisopochnoi to Rat Island" Oglala sounding boat No. 11 being towed.

Page 70:
70. Aerial view of Unalaska from over bay with Russian Orthodox church in center (8 X 10 inch).

Page 71 (6 prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):
71a. "Barabara, Amchitka" Entrance to old barabara.
71b. "Constantine Harbor" Fenced graves in Russian Orthodox Church cemetery.
71c. "Bones and Willie" Two officers climbing over rocky shoreline.
71d. "Sell" Lt. Sell cleaning pan in stream.
71e & f. "Constantine Harbor" Two different views of beach and harbor from hillside.

Page 72:
72. Distant aerial view of Unalaska from west with airplane wing at right (8 X 10 inch).

Page 73 (5 prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):
73a. "Cove" View from hillside of sounding boat in island cove.
73b. View of ship's deck with Navy survey seaplane.
73c & d. "West Coast Kiska" Combined photo of rocky cliff and shoreline.
73e. "Kiska" View of wake of ship or boat with two men in foreground.

Page 74 (6 prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):
74a. "Oglala homeward bound" Sounding boats stowed on ship's deck.
74b. "Hoisting lost plane" Navy survey seaplane being hoisted by davit onto ship.
74c. Men pushing boat onto beach.
74d. "Plane lost 24 hours" Navy survey seaplane No. 2 sitting on ocean.
74e. "Little Kiska" View of island shoreline.
74f. "Sweeper towing sounding boats" View of rear mast of ship and towed boats.

Loose Photos Include:

1. Portrait of Grace Cogswell (8 X 10 inch).
2. Portrait of Francis Cogswell in uniform (8 X 10 inch).
3. Tropical scene (8 X 10 inch).
Duplicate prints of photographs in album.