Contraception, Preconception, Pregnancy, and Parenting

1 in 5 US women report delayed contraceptive initiation after sexual debut  K. Anderson & L.H. Carr, 2 Minute Medicine, January 15, 2019

1 in 8 teen girls has faced 'reproductive coercion'  K. McKiski, HealthDay News, August 23, 2019

Abortion incidence and service availability in the United States, 2014  R.K. Jones & J. Jerman, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, March 2017

Abusive experiences and young women's sexual health outcomes: Is condom negotiation self-efficacy a mediator?  K.A. Jones et al., Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, June 2016

Access to emergency contraception for adolescents  T.A. Wilkinson et al., JAMA, January 2012

Acculturative and enculturative stress, depressive symptoms, and maternal warmth: Examining within-person relations among Mexican-origin adolescent mothers  K.H. Zeiders et al., Development and Psychopathology, February 2015

Adolescent and young women's experience with the vaginal ring and oral contraceptive pills  F.H. Stewart et al., Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, December 2007

Adolescent health and teen pregnancy in the United States: A progress report  E.M. Kappeler, Public Health Reports, June 2015

Adolescent health experience after abortion or delivery (AHEAD) trial: Formative protocol for intervention development to prevent rapid, repeat pregnancy  M.J. Hindin et al., Reproductive Health, December 2015

Adolescent mothers: A challenge for First Nations  R. Montgomery-Andersen, International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 2004

Adolescent pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates across countries: Levels and recent trends  G. Sedgh et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, February 2015

Adolescent pregnancy: A culturally complex issue  T. Braine, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, June 2009

Adolescent pregnancy and childbirth—United States, 1991-2008  CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, January 14, 2011

Adolescent pregnancy desire and pregnancy incidence  H.L. Sipsma et al., Women's Health Issues, March 2011

Adolescent reproductive knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs and future fatherhood  C.E. Garfield et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, May 2016

The adolescent's right to confidential care when considering abortion  Committee on Adolescence, Pediatrics, February 2017

Age at menarche and first pregnancy among psychosocially at-risk adolescents  J. Dunbar et al., American Journal of Public Health, October 2008

Antecedents of teenage pregnancy from a 14-year follow-up study using data linkage  J. Gaudie et al., BMC Public Health, February 2010

The association between sex education and youth's engagement in sexual intercourse, age at first intercourse, and birth control use at first sex  T.E. Mueller et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, January 2008

Associations between sexuality education in schools and adolescent birthrates: A state-level longitudinal model  P.A. Cavazos-Rehg et al., Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, February 2012

At-risk, pregnant youth and appropriate use of health care  C. Woods, American Family Physician, March 2010

Availability of reproductive health care services at schools and subsequent birth outcomes among adolescent mothers  A.S. Madkour et al., Journal of School Health, July 2016

Big decline in births to girls under 15, CDC says  E.J. Mundell, HealthDay News, April 25, 2018

Births in the United States, 2014  J.A. Martin et al., NCHS Data Brief, September 2015

Brief report: Pregnant by age 15 years and substance use initiation among US adolescent girls  P.A. Cavazos Rehg et al., Journal of Adolescence, October 2012

CDC: Birth rate for 10- to 14-year-olds at record low in 2016  HealthDay News, April 25, 2018

The challenge of pregnancy among homeless youth: Reclaiming a lost opportunity  M. Smid et al., Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, May 2010

Changes in the use of contraception at first intercourse: A comparison of the National Survey of Family Growth 1995 and 2006-2010 databases  P.R. Patel et al., Journal of Women's Health, August 2016

Changing behavioral risk for pregnancy among high school students in the United States, 1991-2007  J.S. Santelli et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, July 2009

Characteristics of women age 15-24 at risk for excess weight gain during pregnancy  T. Chang et al., PLoS One, March 2017

Continued declines in teen births in the United States, 2015  B.E. Hamilton & T.J. Mathews, NCHS Data Brief, September 2016

Contraceptive method at first sexual intercourse and subsequent pregnancy risk: Findings from a secondary analysis of 16-year-old girls from the RIPPLE and SHARE studies  A. Parkes et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, January 2009

Contraceptive method choice among youth in the United States: The importance of relationship context  Y. Kusunoki & D.M. Upchurch, Demography, November 2011

Contraceptive use among nonpregnant and postpartum women at risk for unintended pregnancy, and female high school students, in the context of Zika preparedness--United States, 2011-2013 and 2015  S.L. Boulet et al., CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, August 5, 2016

Contraceptive use by 15-year-old students at their last sexual intercourse: Results from 24 countries  E. Godeau et al., Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, January 2008

Coparenting profiles in the context of Mexican-origin teen pregnancy: Links to mother-daughter relationship quality and adjustment  N.J. Perez-Brena et al., Family Process, June 2015

The cost of implementing a teen pregnancy prevention program in high school health classes  T. Schulte & B. Goesling, Mathematica, March 31, 2019

A daily diary analysis of condom breakage and slippage during vaginal sex or anal sex among adolescent women  D.J. Hensel et al., Sexually Transmitted Diseases, September 2016

Delivering adolescent pregnancy prevention services to high-risk youth in alternative school settings  R. Shapiro et al., Mathematica Policy Research, March 31, 2018

Depo now: Preventing unintended pregnancies among adolescents and young adults  V.I. Rickert et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, January 2007

Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate and bone mineral density in adolescents—The black box warning: A position paper of the Society for Adolescent Medicine  B.A. Cromer et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, August 2006

Determinants and correlates of preventive behaviors at first sex with a first partner and second partner: Analysis of the FECOND study  H. Lantos et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, June 2016

Doctors and women's groups urge feds to relax Plan B restrictions  J. Rovner, Shots: Health News from NPR, December 7, 2012

Does watching sex on television predict teen pregnancy? Findings from a national longitudinal survey of youth  A. Chandra et al., Pediatrics, November 2008

Double jeopardy: Depressive symptoms and rapid subsequent pregnancy in adolescent mothers  B. Barnet et al., Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, March 2008

Early and adverse experiences with sex and alcohol are associated with adolescent drinking before and during pregnancy  N.M. De Genna et al., Addictive Behaviors, December 2007

Early fatherhood: A mapping of the evidence base relating to pregnancy prevention and parenting support  D. Trivedi et al., Health Education Research, December 2009

Early parenting: The roles of maltreatment, trauma symptoms, and future expectations  R. Thompson & E.C. Neilson, Journal of Adolescence, October 2014

Effect of an iPad-based intervention to improve sexual health knowledge and intentions for contraceptive use among adolescent females at school-based health centers  V.V. Mesheriakova & K.P. Tebb, Clinical Pediatrics, November 2017

Effect of a pro-breastfeeding intervention on the maintenance of breastfeeding for 2 years or more: Randomized clinical trial with adolescent mothers and grandmothers  C.F. da Silva et al., BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, May 2016

The effect of social support around pregnancy on postpartum depression among Canadian teen mothers and adult mothers in the maternity experiences survey  T.H. Kim et al., BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, May 2014

Effects of relationship context on contraceptive use among young women  U.D. Upadhyay et al., Contraception, July 2016

Engaging pregnant and parenting teens: Early challenges and lessons learned from the Evaluation of Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Approaches  S. Asheer et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

Engaging vulnerable adolescents in a pregnancy prevention program: Perspectives of Prime Time staff  A.E. Tanner et al., Journal of Pediatric Health Care, August 2012

Enhancing a Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program with text messaging: Engaging minority youth to develop TOP® Plus Text  S. Devine et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

Environmental injustice: Childhood lead poisoning, teen pregnancy, and tobacco  S.D. Lane et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, January 2008

Estimated pregnancy rates and rates of pregnancy outcomes for the United States, 1990-2008  National Vital Statistics Reports, June 2012

Explaining recent declines in adolescent pregnancy in the United States: The contribution of abstinence and improved contraceptive use  J.S. Santelli et al., American Journal of Public Health, January 2007

Factors associated with provision of long-acting reversible contraception among adolescent health care providers  K.B. Greenberg et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2013

A family planning clinic-based intervention to address reproductive coercion: A cluster randomized controlled trial  E. Miller et al., Contraception, July 2016

FDA OKs prescription-free Plan B pill for women 15 and up  J. Rovner, Shots: Health News from NPR, April 30, 2013

Feds cave on emergency contraception age restrictions  J. Rovner, Shots: Health News from NPR, June 10, 2013

Fewer American teens having sex, most using birth control  M.E. Dallas, HealthDay News, September 21, 2018

Focusing on the boys in teen pregnancy prevention  Mathematica Policy Research, May 9, 2018

From mission to measures: Performance measure development for a Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program  A.F. Farb et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

From research to practice: Dissemination of the Contraceptive CHOICE Project  H.O. Broughton et al., Translational Behavioral Medicine, March 2017

A genetically informed study of the associations between maternal age at childbearing and adverse perinatal outcomes  A.C. Sujan et al., Behavior Genetics, May 2016

Geographic and racial variation in teen pregnancy rates in Wisconsin  M.M. Layde & P.L. Remington, Wisconsin Medical Journal, August 2013

"Having a baby changes everything": Reflective functioning in pregnant adolescents  L.S. Sadler et al., Journal of Pediatric Nursing, June 2016

Heterosexual female adolescents' decision-making about sexual intercourse and pregnancy in rural Ontario, Canada  P. Ezer et al., Rural and Remote Health, March 2016

Historical context for the creation of the Office of Adolescent Health and the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program  E.M. Kappeler & A.F. Farb, Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

Home visits for pregnant adolescents  V. WinklerPrins & E. Weigel, American Family Physician, January 2016

Impact of an intervention to improve contraceptive use through follow-up phone calls to female adolescent clinic patients  D. Kirby et al., Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, December 2010

Implementation lessons: The importance of assessing organizational "fit" and external factors when implementing evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention programs  H. Demby et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

Implementing three evidence-based program models: Early lessons from the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Replication Study  M. Kelsey & J. Layzer, Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

In France, free birth control for girls at age 15  E. Beardsley, NPR's All Things Considered, December 18, 2012

The influence of individual characteristics and contraceptive beliefs on parent-teen sexual communications: A structural model  C.R. Swain et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, June 2006

Initiation of oral contraceptives—Start now!  S.M. Edwards et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, November 2008

Insights in public health: Building support for an evidence-based teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection prevention program adapted for foster youth  T. Smith et al., Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health, January 2015

Is there a trend of increased unwanted childbearing among young women in the United States?  D.M. Kissin et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, October 2008

Knowledge and acceptability of long-acting reversible contraception among adolescent women receiving school-based primary care services  A.J. Hoopes et al., Journal of Primary Care & Community Health, July 2016

Like father, like son: The intergenerational cycle of adolescent fatherhood  H. Sipsma et al., American Journal of Public Health, March 2010

Long-acting reversible contraception for adolescents and young adults: Patient and provider perspectives  M.L. Kavanaugh et al., Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, April 2013

Long-term consequences of adolescent parenthood among African-American urban youth: A propensity score matching approach  L.C. Assini-Meytin & K.M. Green, Journal of Adolescent Health, May 2015

Long-term effects of the booster-enhanced READY-Girls preconception counseling program on intentions and behaviors for family planning in teens with diabetes  D. Charron-Prochownik et al., Diabetes Care, December 2013

The long-term effects of intimate partner violence on adolescent mothers' depressive symptoms  T. Lindhorst & M. Oxford, Social Science & Medicine, March 2008

Long-term, reversible contraception gains traction with young women  M. Tomsic, Shots: Health News from NPR, October 6, 2016

Longitudinal study of body mass index in young males and the transition to fatherhood  C.F. Garfield et al., American Journal of Men's Health, November 2016

Many teen girls pressured by partners to get pregnant  L. Rapaport, Reuters, July 11, 2019

Methods to assess youth engagement in a text messaging supplement to an effective teen pregnancy program  S. Devine et al., Journal of Biomedical Informatics, August 2015

Moderate to severe depressive symptoms among adolescent mothers followed four years postpartum  R.M. Schmidt et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, June 2006

More access to contraceptives in city schools  A. Hartocollis, New York Times, September 23, 2012

More than poverty: The effect of child abuse and neglect on teen pregnancy risk  S.K. Garwood et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, August 2015

Most teens, young women satisfied with IUD insertion  HealthDay, May 18, 2018

A motivational interviewing-based counseling intervention to increase postabortion uptake of contraception: A pilot randomized controlled trial  A.K. Whitaker et al., Patient Education and Counseling, October 2016

National and state patterns of teen births in the United States, 1940-2013  S.J. Ventura et al., National Vital Statistics Reports, August 2014

Never-pregnant African American adolescent girls' perceptions of adolescent pregnancy  G.D. Childs et al., Journal of Pediatric Nursing, April 2015

New study identifies strategies to close gaps in teen pregnancy rates  Mathematica, August 1, 2019

New York City physicians' views of providing long-acting reversible contraception to adolescents  S.E. Rubin et al., Annals of Family Medicine, March-April 2013

Nutrient intakes and nutritional biomarkers in pregnant adolescents: A systematic review of studies in developed countries  K. Marvin-Dowle et al., BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, September 2016

Office of Adolescent Health medical accuracy review process--helping ensure the medical accuracy of Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program materials  J.A. Jensen et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

Oral contraceptive use and bone density change in adolescent and young adult women: A prospective study of age, hormone dose, and discontinuation  D. Scholes et al., Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, September 2011

Parental notification laws for minors' access to contraception: What do parents say?  M.E. Eisenberg et al., Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, February 2005

Pediatricians: Teen girls should have access to emergency contraception  PRI's Here and Now, hosted by Robin Young, November 28, 2012

Personality and adolescent pregnancy outcomes  E.W. Harville et al., Journal of Advanced Nursing, January 2015

Pharmacy provision of sexual and reproductive health commodities to young people: A systematic literature review and synthesis of the evidence  L. Gonsalves & M.J. Hindin, Contraception, April 2017

A population-level and longitudinal study of adolescent mothers and intergenerational maltreatment  E. Putnam-Hornstein et al., American Journal of Epidemiology, April 2015

Practical experience from the Office of Adolescent Health's large scale implementation of an evidence-based Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program  A.L. Margolis & A.Y. Roper, Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

Preconception health trajectories and birth weight in a national prospective cohort  K.L. Strutz et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, December 2012

Predictors of birth weight and gestational age among adolescents  E.W. Harville et al., American Journal of Epidemiology, October 2012

Predictors of inconsistent contraceptive use among adolescent girls: Findings from a prospective study  S.L. Davies et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, July 2006

Pregnancy, contraception and emergency contraception: The language of urban adolescent young women  C.J. Mollen et al., Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, August 2012

Pregnant teens with diabetes at 'exceptional risk' for complications  J.R. Kohn et al., Endocrine Today, June 3, 2019

Premarital first births: The influence of the timing of sexual onset versus post-onset risks in the United States  L.L. Wu & S.P. Martin, Population Studies, November 2015

Prenatal care initiation among pregnant teens in the United States: An analysis over 25 years  W.J. Hueston et al.,, Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2008

Prepregnancy contraceptive use among teens with unintended pregnancies resulting in live births—Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2004-2008  JAMA, March 2012

Prescribe 'morning after' pill for teens before they need it, doctors say  J. Gold, Shots: Health News from NPR, November 26, 2012

The prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms among adolescent mothers: Results from a 17-year longitudinal study  A.R. Gavin et al., Women & Health, August 2011

Preventing unintended pregnancy: The Contraceptive CHOICE Project in review  N.E. Birgisson et al., Journal of Women's Health, May 2015

A qualitative study of factors that influence contraceptive choice among adolescent school-based health center patients  A.J. Hoopes et al., Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, June 2016

Recent increase in contraception use noted among U.S. teenagers  HealthDay News, September 5, 2018

Reduced disparities in birth rates among teens aged 15-19 Years--United States, 2006-2007 and 2013-2014  L. Romero et al., CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 29, 2016

Reflections of Native American teen mothers  J. Palacios & H.P. Kennedy, Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, July 2010

A score for assessing the risk of first-time adolescent pregnancy  M.I. Santos & F. Rosário, Family Practice, October 2011

Sexual activity, contraceptive use, and childbearing of teenagers aged 15-19 in the United States  G.M. Martinez & J.C. Abma, NCHS Data Brief, July 2015

Sexual initiation, contraceptive use, and pregnancy among young adolescents  L.B. Finer & J.M. Philbin, Pediatrics, May 2013

Some states make it hard for teen moms to get pain relief in childbirth  E. Honig, Shots: Health News from NPR, September 28, 2017

States should help struggling teen moms, poll finds  HealthDay News, April 17, 2018

Strong, smart and bold strategies for improving attendance and retention in an after-school intervention  S. Markoe Hayes et al.,Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

Substance use and teen pregnancy in the United States: Evidence from the NSDUH 2002-2012  C.P. Salas-Wright et al.,Addictive Behaviors, June 2015

Systematic review and narrative synthesis of the effectiveness of contraceptive service interventions for young people, delivered in health care settings  L. Blank et al., Health Education Research, December 2012

Tailoring clinical services to address the unique needs of adolescents from the pregnancy test to parenthood  A. Moriarty Daley et al., Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, April 2013

Teen birth rates for urban and rural areas in the United States, 2007-2015  B.E. Hamilton et al., NCHS Data Brief, November 2016

Teen births and adolescent sexual health in Alaska  State of Alaska fact sheet, June 2014

Teen clinics: Missing the mark? Comparing pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections rates among enrolled and non-enrolled adolescents  S.Y. Shaw et al., International Journal for Equity in Health, June 2016

Teen pregnancies hit new low, but disparities remain  S.S. Kulkarni, Shots: Health News from NPR, February 8, 2012

Teen pregnancy and the achievement gap among urban minority youth  C.E. Basch, Journal of School Health, October 2011

Teen pregnancy and confidentiality  M.A. Ott, Virtual Mentor, November 2014

The Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program: An evidence-based public health program model  H. Koh, Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

Teenage girls will still need a prescription for 'Plan B'  J. Rovner, Shots: Health News from NPR, December 7, 2011

Teenage mothers of black and minority ethnic origin want access to a range of mental and physical health support: A participatory research approach  M. Muzik et al., Health Expectations, April 2016

Teenage Pregnancy  Free collection of articles about teenage pregnancy published in The New York Times

Teenage pregnancy: The impact of maternal adolescent childbearing and older sister's teenage pregnancy on a younger sister  E. Wall-Wieler et al., BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, May 2016

Timing of contraceptive initiation and association with future sexual and reproductive outcomes  K. True et al., Human Reproduction, August 2014

Tools for teen moms to reduce infant obesity: A randomized clinical trial  M.A. Horodynski et al., BMC Public Health, January 2015

Trends in repeat births and use of postpartum contraception among teens--United States, 2004-2015  D.L. Dee et al., CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 28, 2017

Trends in sexual experience, contraceptive use, and teenage childbearing: 1992-2002  J. Manlove et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, May 2009

Understanding adolescent parenthood from a multisystemic perspective  P.A. Cavazos-Rehg et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, June 2010

Understanding gender roles in teen pregnancy prevention among American Indian youth  J.D. Hanson et al., American Journal of Health Behavior, November 2014

Urban adolescents' and young adults' decision-making process around selection of intrauterine contraception  S.E. Rubin et al., Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, June 2016

Using data to improve fidelity when implementing evidence-based programs  S. Kershner et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, March 2014

Using an external exposome framework to examine pregnancy-related morbidities and mortalities: Implications for health disparities research  T.J. Oyana et al., International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, December 2015

Vital signs: Births to teens aged 15-17 years—United States, 1991-2012  CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 11, 2014

Vital signs: Repeat births among teens—United States, 2007-2010  CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 5, 2013

Vital signs: Teen pregnancy—United States, 1991-2009  CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 8, 2011

Vulnerability within families headed by teen and young adult mothers investigated by child welfare services in Canada  W. Hovdestad et al., Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada, November 2015

Weight gain in obese and nonobese adolescent girls initiating depot medroxyprogesterone, oral contraceptive pills, or no hormonal contraceptive method  A.E. Bonny et al., Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, January 2006

'Where the need is:' Tackling teen pregnancy with a midwife at school  S. Simmons-Duffin, Kaiser Health News, June 12, 2018

Young women's perceptions of the benefits of childbearing: Associations with contraceptive use and pregnancy  C.H. Rocca et al., Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, March 2013