Skip navigation

Historical Manuscripts Collection List »

ELINOR DELIGHT GREGG (1889-1970). Videocassette; 1936. .2 cu ft.

Elinor Gregg was born in Colorado Springs, Colorado. She attended Colorado College (1905-1906) and the Waltham Training School for Nurses in Waltham, Massachusetts (1907-1911). She worked as a factory nurse in Boston (1913-1914), a private duty nurse (1913-1914), an assistant superintendent of nurses in Cleveland (1914-1915), and a superintendent at Infants Hospital in Boston (1915-1917). She was a Red Cross Army Nurse overseas in WW I, after which she served as a Red Cross Chautauqua lecturer (1919), a public health nurse in New Hampshire (1921), a Red Cross Nurse working with the Bureau of Indian Affairs at the Rosebud and Pine Ridge agencies (1922-1924), and as a supervisor of public health nursing for the Medical Division of the BIA (1924-1939). In 1939, she made a field trip to Alaska to visit many of the BIA nurses and observe the health of the native people. She retired in 1939. In 1965, she related her experiences about the Indian reservations and her supervisory position in a book entitled The Indians and the Nurse. Included in the book is a chapter describing her Alaska visit. Elinor Gregg died in Santa Fe, New Mexico, on March 24, 1970.

This collection consists of a VHS videocassette copy of the black and white motion picture film taken by Elinor Gregg during her trip to Alaska in 1939. The film begins while she is aboard the North Star through the Inland Passage and includes footage from stops at Ketchikan, Wrangell, and Juneau. She next crossed the Gulf of Alaska to Seward, and shot views of Cordova, Seward, a train in the Seward station, Mountain View, and Anchorage. She then went to Nome via a chartered airplane. This part of the film includes scenery, the float plane, aerial views, views of interior villages (Dillingham?, Bethel?, Kanakanak?, and Unalakleet?), and views of hospital interiors, hospital staffs, homes, boats, and a garden. The Nome footage includes residences, a fish wheel, people, home interiors, the hospital exterior, and other scenes. She boarded the North Star again and traveled to Barrow. There are views of sailors taking a sounding, Teller?, women making fried bread, a kayak, an umiak, a sailboat, the hospital interior and staff, a surgical operation, and people at Barrow. On the return trip, she visited various villages (Point Hope?, Kotzebue?, Kivalina) and filmed a cemetery, villagers killing part of the Kivalina reindeer herd, and King Island. She returned home by airplane via Fairbanks and Tanana. The final footage includes children, a schoolhouse interior, residences, a DC-3 airplane, and aerial views.

The collection was presented to the archives by Nancy M. Wirth, Elinor Gregg's niece, in 1995.

HMC-0424

MW (02/2005)