A citation is a short, multi-part description of a specific information source. It provides the information that is needed to find a particular source. Journal citations contain such basic information as:

  • Author
  • Article title
  • Journal title
  • Volume number and issue number
  • Publication date
  • Page numbers

Example of a Journal Article Citation

article citation example

Citations are also used to give credit to the sources you use when you write a research paper. As you research, you must retain some important information about each source you retrieve so that you can correctly cite the sources that influence your writing.